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By Angela García
The sources, springs, basins or ravines are in an accelerated path of extinction, there are climate and soil changes, floods, droughts and desertification. But it is human action that is the most drastic: it exerts rampant deforestation, ignores traditional knowledge, especially of local indigenous communities, withdraws water from rivers in different ways, including through engineering works, dams and diversions.
How will I look at the river that seems to flow from me?
Dulce María Loynaz The most evident representation of the animated is found in the water. The figuration of movement in the constant current of the rivers, which accelerates in their rapids; doubts or becomes obsessed with eddies, with waves and swings, plays with incessant waves; it becomes compulsive and thunderous in jumps, waterfalls, waterfalls. He plays with light again, offers it transparencies and reflections, lets it be in its stelae, makes it sparkle with its friezes. The states of the water symbolize transformation and change: either unusual and ghostly like mist, new and serene like night frost, sharp and stony like hail; generous as rain; winged and distant like a cloud. But also silent and fiery like snow or ice; ungraspable like steam.
The ocean reveals the abysmal, beginning and end, depth and purity. The notion of mirror or spiritual self-contemplation is related to ponds, ponds or lakes.
Notion of grace in the elementality of water. Motherhood of nature, our greatest constitutive element. Since ancient times, the most usual mode of catharsis.
How symbolic indeed is the mythological conception of water in most of the diverse cultures of the world, when it is defined as the totality of the virtues or according to Thales of Miletus predecessor of Socrates, the beginning of all things? All the oldest civilizations: the Chinese, the Egyptian, the Mesopotamian were born in the course of a river: the Huang ho, the Nile, the Tigris and the Euphrates. The symbolism is hardly suggested, rather it deals with logical relationships in the structure of life.
Only 0.5% of the water on earth is sweet or drinkable (All seas are impotable, also the oceans lost from crying that increase their mass invisibly with constant tributaries) and it is renewed only with the rain. Sources, springs, basins or ravines are on the fast track to extinction, there are climate and soil changes, floods, droughts and desertification. But it is human action that is the most drastic: it exerts rampant deforestation, ignores traditional knowledge, especially of local indigenous communities, withdraws water from rivers in different ways, including through engineering works, dams and diversions.
More than it uses, it wastes and pollutes, threatening even the groundwater that is one of the most important sources of fresh water. It has been estimated that a human being needs an average of 50 liters of water per day for drinking, cooking, washing, cultivating and sanitation. But the right to water, basic for any creature, is beginning to reach millions of people drop by drop. And this emergency sound only a few years ago (the World Water Forum held its third version in March, in Kyoto, Japan) began to be considered internationally as a terrifying observation of the no longer gradual, but dizzying scarcity of water in all the planet, arising not only from population growth, but from shocking human negligence with all its related consequences. The problem has gone from a rumble of a stream to an avalanche roar. Although the following figures have been massively disseminated by social organizations and NGOs dedicated to the protection of natural resources and the environment, it would be foolish to refrain from quoting them once again: 1.1 billion people today lack water and 2.4 billion sanitary facilities. 31 countries completely lack access to clean water sources. One out of four people does not reach pure water. Every eight seconds a child dies from drinking contaminated water. More than five million people die each year from polluted water.
The first World Water Forum held in 2000 in The Hague, set the goal for 2015 to halve the number of people without access to drinking water. But it did not include plans to avoid its monopoly. The conflict over the privatization of water sources was hardly mentioned, destined to be one of the most serious of the century that is beginning. Despite the fact that only 5% of the drinking water in the world is in private hands, the annual profits obtained by these companies are more than double what the oil industry earns today. But predicted as is the population growth of the planet of nine billion inhabitants by the year 2025, it is no job to imagine the monstrous mechanism that is in place for the water market. As natural rights, the most elementary common heritage tends to be lost, the right to breathe and the right to water, a symbol of the elementary right to life. Symbolism or evidence that the planet is nearing its end? How is the face of dying humanity reflected in the concave mirror of the drops of water?
Based on the fact that without water there is no future, the requirement of the Assembly of the Water Wise Men in Kyoto, is a combined universal individual and group, social, institutional action of all orders in concert for the protection and strengthening of sources, basins. , springs, ditches. Neither more nor less the same that the aboriginal peoples of the world have done since ancient times. Exercise the right to water, with the zealous participation of everyone - children, youth, adults - in caring for water. Participation that shows the animate, the fluid, the movement, the transformation, a symbol of water, the only way to envision the future for the earth.